Mistakes are GOOD!
So how do you help students see the value and importance of making mistakes?
In Mathematical Mindsets, Jo Boaler shares the idea of another teacher who would start class by asking students to crumple up a piece of paper and throw it at the board with the feelings they had when they made a mistake. Then, students retrieved their paper, smoothed it out, and traced all of the lines of the wrinkled paper with markers, and all of these lines represented brain growth. Students kept this as a reminder.
It is also important to not send the message that mistakes are bad, or negative, by taking points off for making mistakes on homework. Switch it up, give MORE points for mistakes.